Android is a mobile device operating system dependent on an modified version of the Linux kernel and other open source software, used principally for touchscreen cell phones and tablets. Android started in 2003 as a venture of the American innovation organization Android Inc., to build up an operating system for digital cameras.
In October 2003, Andy Rubin, Rich Miner, Nick Sears, and Chris White founded Android Inc. In 2004 the venture changed to turn into an operating system for cell phones. Android Inc., was purchased by the American search engine organization Google Inc., in 2005.
The vital choice in Android history was Google’s obligation to make Android an open-source operating system. That permitted it to turn out to be profoundly mainstream with outsider telephone producers. Only a couple a long time after the dispatch of Android 1.0, cell phones fueled by the new OS were all over.
Launch of Android 1.0
The first public beta of Android version 1.0 launched for developers on Nov. 5, 2007.
On November 5, 2007, Google declared the establishing of the Open Handset Alliance, a consortium of many innovation and cell phone organizations, including Intel Corporation, Motorola, Inc., NVIDIA Corporation, Texas Instruments Incorporated, LG Electronics, Inc., Samsung Electronics, Sprint Nextel Corporation, and T-Mobile (Deutsche Telekom).
Android-based gadgets utilize wireless technologies along with Google searches, Google Docs, and Google Earth.
In 2012 Android turned into the most well known operating system for cell phones, outperforming Apple’s iOS, and, starting at 2020, around 75 % of cell phones run Android.
Official website of Android is – https://www.android.com/
Logo of Android
Android logo was made by Irina Blok while she was utilized by Google.
History of Android Versions
The following is the history or evolution of the Android OS through its various variants, beginning from Android Version 1.
In September 2008, the first Android smartphone was announced with T-Mobile G1. Although, there was no positive response as per technology context.
Android 1.5 (Cupcake)
The Official name of Android 1.5 was Cupcake and released in April 2009.
Android 1.6 (Donut)
In the same year after Android 1.5 was released, in September 2009 Android 1.6 was released and the team named it Donut.
The official name of Android 2.0 was Eclair and it was released in October 2009.
Android 2.2 Froyo (another way to say “frozen yogurt”) was formally dispatched in May 2010.
The first cell phone that conveyed Google’s Nexus marking — the Nexus One — jump started with Android 2.1 out of the crate prior in 2010, yet immediately got a ridiculous update to Froyo sometime thereafter.
Android 2.3 Gingerbread
Android 2.3 Gingerbread was launched in September 2010. The OS got a UI revive under Gingerbread.
Android 3.0 Honeycomb
Honeycomb was made for tablets and other cell phones with bigger showcases. It included highlights like an upgraded UI for big screens, alongside a notice bar set on the lower part of a tablet’s showcase. It was first introduced in February 2011.
Android 4.0 Ice Cream Sandwich
Delivered in October 2011, the Ice Cream Sandwich form of Android brought various new highlights. It joined a significant number of the alternatives of the tablet-just Honeycomb adaptation with the cell phone situated Gingerbread.
Android 4.1 Jelly Bean
The Jelly Bean version of Android started in June 2012 with the arrival of Android 4.1. Google immediately delivered adaptations 4.2 and 4.3 — both under the Jelly Bean mark — in October 2012 and July 2013, individually.
Android 4.4 KitKat
Android 4.4 is the principal variant of the OS that really utilized a formerly reserved name for a sweet treat. Before it formally launched in September 2013, the organization delivered alludes to its Google I/O gathering that year that the codename for Android 4.4 would really be “Key Lime Pie.” Indeed, the greater part of Google’s Android group felt that would have been the situation also.
Later the Google group reached Nestle, the makers of the KitKat bar, and inquired as to whether they could utilize the name for Android 4.4. Settle concurred and KitKat turned into the name of the following Android form.
Android 5.0 Lollipop
First dispatched in the fall of 2014, Android 5.0 Lollipop was a significant purge in the general look of the working framework. It was the principal rendition of the OS that pre-owned Google’s new Material Design language.
Google’s Nexus 6 cell phone, alongside its Nexus 9 tablet, were the primary gadgets to have Lollipop pre-introduced.
Android 6.0 Marshmallow
Delivered in the year 2015, Android 6.0 Marshmallow include some of the key features, for example, new vertically looking over application list, alongside Google Now on Tap, support for finger impression biometric opening, USB Type-C help, the presentation of Android Pay (presently Google Pay), and considerably more.
Android 7.0 Nougat
Google introduced various major changes in Android form 7. It changed to another JIT compiler to accelerate applications loading time.
Adaptation 7.0 of Google’s versatile working framework dispatched in the 2016.
The organization’s own Pixel and Pixel XL, alongside the LG V20, were quick to be delivered with Nougat pre-introduced.
Android 8.0 Oreo
In March 2017, Google formally reported and delivered the primary designer see for Android O, otherwise called Android 8.0.
In August, Google affirmed the treat motivated public name for Android 8.0.
Android Oreo originally came introduced on Google own Pixel 2 devices.
Android 9.0 Pie
Google dispatched the principal designer see of the following significant Android update, Android 9.0 P, on March 7, 2018. On August 6, 2018, the organization authoritatively dispatched the last form of Android 9.0, giving it the authority codename of “Pie.”
Android 9.0 Pie incorporated various major new highlights and changes. One of them dumped the customary route catches for one stretched catch in the middle, which turned into the new home catch.
Android 9.0 Pie was accessible first authoritatively for Google’s Pixel mobile phones.
Google launched the main developer preview of Android Q, in March, 2019. In August, 2019, Google declared a significant revive of the Android brand.
Android 10 dispatched with another logo moreover.
Android Q is authoritatively referred to similarly as Android 10. It was authoritatively dispatched on September 3, 2019, for Google’s Pixel gadgets.
The most recent significant delivery is Android 11. On February 18, Google dispatched the primary Developer Preview for Android 11. After a few more open betas were delivered, the final version of Android 11 was dispatched on September 8, 2020.
Android 11 has shown up with a lot of new highlights.
Screen recorder feature was presented with this rendition of Android.
This Android version was launched with Google Pixel devices.
Every year, Android comes with some minor or major versions along with interesting features for users. The major share in the mobile industry is held by Android OS. Apple’s IOS is one of the major competitor of Android OS but it’s totally a different fan base.
Android OS has a huge fan following and this is the reason Android is in industry from its beginning.